In 1952, the Government of India decided that all cases pertaining to the allocation of grants-in-aid from public funds to the Central Universities and other Universities and Institutions of higher learning might be referred to the University Grants Commission. Consequently, the University Grants Commission (UGC) was formally inaugurated. The UGC has now decentralized its operations by setting up six regional centers at Pune, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Bhopal, Guwahati and Bangalore. The head office of the UGC is located in New Delhi.
The UGC has established 4 National Facilities Centre in selected universities. The Western Regional Instrumentation Centre, Mumbai was established in 1978 to provide training to students for proper use and maintenance of instruments. It conducts advanced study programs, workshops, and seminars for teachers. The M.S.T. Radar Facilities, Sri Venkateshwar University, Tirupati helps to utilize the National MST Radar facilities created by the researchers and scientists in Indian Universities. The Inter University Centre for Humanities and Social Sciences, Shimla organizes "Research Seminars" for researchers and young teachers for discussing important problems of national and international interest. Finally, the Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University develops facilities for growth and characterization of crystals.
The UGC has been setting up autonomous centers of research as well. The most famous of these is the Inter University Accelerator Centre, which was the first Inter-University Centre to be established by the UGC. The primary objective of the Centre is to establish world class facilities for accelerator based research. Other centers include the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astro-Physics, and the UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research.