Madurai Medical College came into reality in the year 1954 with the efforts of the late Thiru K.Kamaraj. Dr.Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, the then Minister for Health, Government of India. Permanent recognition for this College was accorded in the year 1954 by the University of Madras with which this Institution was affiliated. The first batch of students of this College graduated in 1960. Recognition was accorded by the Medical Council of India in 1961. Recognition by the Medical Council of Great Britain was accorded in 1965.
The various courses offered include M.B.B.S., B.Pharm., D.Pharm., Nursing, and other Para-medical courses. Selection to these courses is based on the performance in the H.Sc and TNPCEE Examinations which are conducted annually. Admission is based strictly on merit, keeping in view the reservation policies enforced by the Government of Tamil Nadu. The various departments in this hospital include Anesthesiology, Cardiology, Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Dental surgery, Dermatology, Endocrinology, E.N.T, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Internal medicine, Neurosurgery, Obstetrics/Gynecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, and Radiology. Each year about 175 students complete their M.B.B.S Degree from this institute and hold high positions in various Government and Private Organizations.
Clinical Services are provided by the Government Rajaji Hospital which is a 1691 bedded Super Specialty Hospital providing free health care to the people in the lower income group. Facilities available include CT scan, Ultrasound, Color Doppler, X-Ray, E.C.G, E.E.G., E.M.G., Echocardiography, Dialysis, Endoscopy, Laparoscopy, Mammography, Physiotherapy, and 10 operation theatres. Well equipped laboratories help the students train themselves in Basic Medical Sciences as well as in allied Clinical Sciences.