The Sambalpur University was inaugurated on 4th January, 1967. In the year 1973, the University was shifted to the present campus named Jyoti Vihar at Burla. The territorial jurisdiction of the University covers 10 districts of the state of Orissa. The University now provides Post-Graduate education in twenty seven subjects through twenty Post-Graduate Departments.
The University Post-Graduate Departments offer one-year study program for M.Phil Degree; two years study program for the Degrees of M.A./M.Sc./LL.M./ Business Administration; one-year P.G. Diploma Course in Computer Science & Application and Diploma Course in Sambalpuri Studies, and three-year course in M.C.A. and Executive M.B.A. The P.G. departments of Chemistry, Life Sciences, History, Economics, Library & Information Sciences and Mathematics have been conferred Autonomous Status by the University. They adopt Semester system based on continuous evaluation and adopt their own courses of studies.
In order to be eligible for admission into any Post-Graduate course, a candidate should have passed Three-year Degree Examination in Arts/Science/Commerce or B.A./B.Sc/B.Com. Examination of Sambalpur University or an examination recognized equivalent. The concerned subject should be passed with 50% marks in the aggregate.
The University is at the forefront of research activities. The Business Administration Department is conducting active research in the field of Business Finance, Business Economics, Application of OR and AI technique in Business Applications, and application of Information Technology in Management process. The Computer Science Department is actively engaged in the area of Machine vision, DBMS, VLSI, High Performance Computing, Computer Graphics, Operating System, Networking, GUI, A.I., Software Engineering, Fuzzy Logic, and Neural Networking.